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Panther

The Panther was a tank fielded by Germany in World War II that served from mid-1943 to the end of the European war in 1945. It was intended as a counter to the T-34, and to replace the Panzer IV and III, though it served along with them and the heavy tanks until the end of the war. The Panther’s excellent combination of firepower, mobility, and protection served as a benchmark for other nations’ late war and immediate post-war tank designs and it is frequently regarded (along with the Soviet T-34 Tank) as the best tank design of World War II.[1]

 

Until 1944 it was designated as the Panzerkampfwagen V Panther and had the Ordnance inventory designation of Sd.Kfz. 171. On 27 February 1944, Hitler ordered that the Roman numeral V be deleted from the tank’s designation.


 

Panther Ausf. A

Panther Ausf. A painted in one of many camouflage patterns

Type

Medium tank

Place of origin

 Nazi Germany

Service history

In service

1943 – 1945 (Nazi Germany)

Used by

Nazi Germany

France

Wars

World War II

Production history

Designer

MAN AG

Designed

1942

Produced

1942 – 1945

Number built

Close to 6000

Specifications

Weight

44.8 tonnes

Length

6.87 m, 8.66 m with gun forward

Width

3.42 m

Height

2.99 m

Crew

5 (Driver, radio-operator, commander, gunner, loader)

Armor

15-120 mm

Primary

1x 7.5 cm KwK 42 L/70

armament

79 rounds

Secondary

2× 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34

armament

5,100 rounds

Engine

V-12 petrol Maybach HL230 P30

700 PS (690 hp, 515 kW)

Power/weight

16 hp (12 kW)/tonne

Suspension

double torsion bar, interleaved road wheels

Operational

250 km

range

Speed

55 km/h (first models), 46 km/h (later models)

 

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