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Tiger I

The Tiger I was a German heavy tank used in World War II, from late 1942 until the German surrender in 1945. The tank design served as the basis for other armoured vehicles: the Sturmtiger heavy self-propelled gun and the Bergetiger armoured recovery vehicle.

 

The Tiger’s crew training manual, the Tigerfibel, became a souvenir item after the war.

 

The tank was given its nickname Tiger by designer Ferdinand Porsche, and the Roman numeral was added after the later Tiger II entered production. The initial official German designation was Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausführung H (‘Panzer VI version H’, abbreviated PzKpfw VI Ausf. H), but the tank was redesignated as PzKpfw VI Ausf. E in March 1943. The tank also had the ordnance inventory designation SdKfz 181.

Tiger Ausf. E

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Tiger I in Sicily in 1943

Type

Heavy tank

Place of origin

 Nazi Germany

Service history

In service

19421945

Wars

World War II

Production history

Designer

Henschel & Son

Designed

1942

Manufacturer

Henschel

Unit cost

250,800 RM[citation needed]

Produced

19421944

Number built

1,355

Specifications

Weight

56.9 tonnes

Length

8.45 m (27 ft 9 in) (gun forward)

Width

3.55 m (11 ft 8 in)

Height

3.0 m (9 ft 10 in)

Crew

5

Armor

25110 mm (0.984.3 in)

Primary

1× 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56

armament

92 rounds

Secondary

2× 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34

armament

4,800 rounds

Engine

Maybach HL230 P45 (V-12 petrol)

700 PS (690.4 hp, 514.8 kW)

Power/weight

12.3 PS/tonne

Suspension

torsion bar

Operational

110195 km (68120 mi)

range

Speed

38 km/h (24 mph)

 

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